The P2P 2010 conference will feature the following three keynote speakers:
- Anne-Marie Kermarrec, INRIA, Rennes, France
No Way Around P2P in a User-Centric Web
The Web has turned, at an unexpected scale and speed, into an active collaborative platform where the content is mostly generated by you, me, our friends, and millions of others. This represents a revolution in usage and a great opportunity to create a user-centric Internet. The Gossple project aims at precisely achieving this, personalizing Web operations by automatically capturing affinities between users that are potentially unknown yet share similar interests. In short, Gossple creates a social network of implicit acquaintances.
This personalization clearly calls for decentralization: (1) for the sake of scalability, and (2) to fight the "big brother is watching you" syndrome. We believe that the salvation can only come from a fully decentralized user-centric approach where every participant is entrusted to harvest the Web with information relevant to her own activity. In this talk, I will present the scientific challenges associated to Gossple, an approach to discover implicit acquaintances in a fully distributed way while preserving users' privacy, as well as some applications leveraging the Gossple network.
Anne-Marie Kermarrec is the head of the INRIA research group on large-scale distributed systems in Rennes, France. She is also the principal investigator of the ERC Starting Grant GOSSPLE (Towards a decentralized and personalized Web). Before joining INRIA in 2004, she was with Microsoft Research in Cambridge, UK, as a Researcher since March 2000. She graduated from the University of Rennes, France, in October 1996. She also spent one postdoctoral year (1996-1997) in the Computer Systems group of Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, working in the GLOBE project in collaboration with Maarten van Steen and Andrew S. Tanenbaum. She defended her “habilitation à diriger les recherches” (University of Rennes 1) in December 2002 on large-scale application-level multicast. Her research interests are in distributed systems, epidemic protocols, and peer-to-peer systems, and more recently, social networks, search, and recommendation systems, still in the P2P context.
- John Douceur, Microsoft Research, Redmond, WA, USA
Peer-to-Peer in Future-Generation Client Architectures
Cloud computing and the web-application paradigm are shifting the way applications are deployed and managed. The Zoog project at Microsoft Research is investigating what can happen when current trends are taken to a logical extreme: In the Zoog architecture, client computers no longer maintain any canonical state, and there is no sense in which an app is "installed" on a client. Applications are strongly isolated by default, and application providers maintain control over how the interactions between their applications and their users can be affected by other providers. This architecture frees users from the concern that installing or running one application might affect the behavior of another, due to configuration incompatibilities (DLL hell) or malicious intent (trojans or viruses). How do peer-to-peer applications fit into such a model? It may seem that P2P is fundamentally incompatible with a world of cloud services and web applications. Surprisingly, the exact opposite is true: With a properly designed client architecture, P2P applications fit even more naturally than they do in the current client-centric app model.
John (JD) Douceur manages the Distributed Systems Research Group in the Redmond lab of Microsoft Research. His interests are designing algorithms, data structures, and protocols for distributed systems, as well as the measurement, evaluation, and analytical modeling of systems and networks, with particular focus on statistical analysis and simulation. He has long been involved with ACM SIGMETRICS and is on the steering committee of the International workshop on Peer To Peer Systems (IPTPS). He has published 36 peer-reviewed papers and holds 77 patents. He is best known as the author of "The Sybil Attack," one of the most highly cited publications in the area of P2P systems.
JD joined Microsoft in 1993 and Microsoft Research in 1995. He co-founded the Farsite project, which developed a secure, scalable, fully distributed file system using only client resources in a peer-to-peer configuration. His current research focuses on a new architecture for constructing, deploying, and executing client applications that frees users from the burden of system administration.
- Nico van Eijk, Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Dilemmas in Law: How to Deal with Peer to Peer?
Law and technology don't always match. Often law/regulation is seen as an obstacle for technological developments. Peer-to-peer is an excellent example to show the dilemmas involved. Must we use law to stop the use of peer-to-peer or its consequences, such as the massive downloading of 'illegal content'? And do the proposed solutions really suffice or are they just symbolic because technological innovation can't be stopped. This keynote will address several of the legal aspects involved and present recent research on filesharing and the responsibilities of those involved in the value chain. For background information, please see the report Ups and Downs, Economic and Cultural Effects of File Sharing on Music, Film, and Games, of which Nico van Eijk is a co-author.
Nico van Eijk is a Full Professor of Media and Telecommunications Law at the Institute for Information Law (IViR, University of Amsterdam). He studied Law at the University of Tilburg and received his doctorate on government interference with broadcasting in 1992 from the University of Amsterdam. He also works as a legal adviser to Rabobank International (Utrecht) and the law firm NautaDutilh (Amsterdam). Furthermore, he is the Chairman of the Dutch Federation for Media and Communications Law (Vereniging voor Media- en Communicatierecht, VMC), a member of the editorial board of Computerrecht, and a member of the supervisory board of the Netherlands Public Broadcasting Corporation (NPO). His recent research and publications include contributions to an interdisciplinary study on filesharing and a project on the duties of care providers and internet service providers.